Comparative characteristics of quality of life in patients, suffering locally-spread mammary gland cancer after conduction of regional and intravenous chemotherapy
Objective. Investigation of quality of life (QL) in patients, suffering inoperable forms (locally-spread) of mammary gland cancer (MGC), before and after conduction of neoadjuvant courses of systemic polychemotherapy (SPCHTH) and selective intraarterial polychemotherapy (SIAPCHTH) in combination with SPCHTH.
Маterials and methods. Complex treatment was conducted in 154 patients, suffering locally-spread MGC T4A-DN0-3M0 in a period 2000 -2017 yrs, on base of Donetsk Regional Antitumoral Centre and The University Clinic of Odessa National Medical University. All the patients were divided into two groups. Tо Group I (control) were included 65 patients, suffering inoperable forms of a locally-spread MGC, to whom as a neoadjuvant course a SPCHTH was conducted; and to the Group II (investigating) - 89 patients, suffering inoperable forms of locally-spread MGC, to whom a SIAPCHTH was conducted as a neoadjuvant course.
Results. Through the period of treatment a wave-like dynamics of the quality of life index was observed, which indicated a definite advantage of SIAPCHTH over SPCHTH. A limited statistically trustworthy difference in favor of regional polychemotherapy was formed between the Groups of patients in accordance to the quality of life index.
Conclusion. Investigation of quality of life constitutes a secure, informative and economic method of estimation of a patient state of health on the groupings and the individuals levels. In oncological investigations the QL assessment constitutes an important criterion of the treatment efficacy estimation and has a prognostic significance. Estimation of quality of life in clinical investigations improves the investigation quality itself.
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