Surgical treatment of stenotic–occlusive affections of the lower extremity arteries in patients, suffering ischemic form of the diabetic foot syndrome
Objective. To compare the efficacy of different methods of surgical treatment for stenotic-occlusive affection of the lower extremities (LE) arteries in patients with ischemic form (ІF) of diabetic foot syndrome (DFS).
Маterials and methods. Results of surgical treatment were analyzed in 164 patients, suffering diabetes mellitus Type II, complicated by IF of DFS with critical ischemia on background of combined stenotic-occlusive affection of the femoral and popliteo-tibial segments arteries.
Results. Primary passability of the femoral reconstruction zone was registerd in 65.6% of patients, in whom reconstruction of femoral arterial segment was performed without intervention on arteries of popliteo-tibial segment, and the secondary one – in 81.9%, high amputations rate have constituted 18% and lethality – 11.5%. Primary passability of the femoral reconstruction zone was registered in 89.5% patients, to whom a two-level reconstruction of femoral and popliteo-tibial arterial segments was performed, and a secondary one – in 92.1%, high amputations rate have constituted 5.2% and lethality – 7.9%.
Primary passability of the femoral reconstruction zone was registered in 81.5% patients, to whom hybrid arterial reconstruction was performed, and a secondary one – in 93.9%, high amputations rate have constituted 7.7% and lethality – 4.6%.
- While coexistence of the superficial femoral artery (SFA) occlusion with stenotic-occlusive affection of the popliteo-tibial segment arteries in patients, suffering stenotic-occlusive affection of arteries in popliteo-tibial segment in cases with IF of DFS the results of performance of isolated operation for the SFA restoration were the worst.
- The results of a two-level and a hybrid operations may be considered comparable. Primary passability of the arterial reconstruction zone in patients, to whom a two-level reconstruction was performed, is highest, but lethality almost twice as bigger, than after hybrid arterial reconstruction.
- Hybrid reconstructive operation constitutes optimal procedure in patients, suffering lower extremities (LE) arteries affection in cases with the ІF of DFS, combined with stenotic-occlusive affection of arteries in femoral and popliteo-tibial segments.
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