Мultimodal program «Fast trасk surgery» in the treatment of mammary gland cancer
Objective. Improvement of immediate and late results of treatment of mammary gland cancer (MGC), using elaboration and introduction of multimodal program «Fast track surgery» (FTS) in aspect of performance of a one-staged oncoplastic and reconstructive-restoration operations.
Маterials and methods. The treatment results were investigated in 749 patients, suffering MGC Stages T1-4 N0-3 M0 from Dec. 2010 tо Dec. 2014 yr. The patients have aged from 18 tо 70 yrs old. The main group (treatment in accordance to the FTS program) consisted of 253 patients, and a control one – of 496 patients, who were treated in accordance to conventional standards.
Results. The main group patients have been on stationary treatment (14.27 ± 7.00) days at average, and the control one – (20.11 ± 7.70) days of stationary stay at average (p < 0.001). The main group patients, who have had more severe stages of the disease, stayed in stationary by 8 days lesser, comparing with patients of a control group. Average term of the patients’ stationary stay, in whom adjuvant chemotherapy (АCHTH) was performed, have constituted 16.4 days, while in those, in whom АCHTH was conducted, - 20.1 days (р < 0.001). Difference between term of the patients’ stationary stay in the main group, to whom ACHTH was conducted and to whom it was not, was in 2.7 times lesser, comparing with this index in a control group.
Conclusion. The investigation data gives background to recommend a FTS program for wide introduction into medical practice, because its efficacy in the MGC surgery was confirmed, including the one-staged oncoplastic and reconstructive-restoration operations. Gradual shortening of the stationary treatment duration gave possibility from 2008 tо 2018 years to enhance the operated patients quantity by 75%.
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