Peculiarities of treatment and healing of trophic ulcers of the lower extremities of the mixed genesis

Keywords: treatment; trophic ulcers; sulodexide; healing.

Abstract

Objective. To study the impact of sulodexide on the healing process of trophic ulcers of the mixed genesis in the lower extremities.

Materials and methods. Analysis of the medical cards data was done for 105 patients, who in 2015 - 2019 yrs have had treated the trophic ulcers of the mixed genesis of the ankles in Department of Vascular Surgery of the Poltava Regional Clinical Hospital. The causes of development of trophic ulcers were confirmed by data of ultrasonographic color angioscanning of the lower extremities and pelvis with measurement of the ankle-brachial pressure index and arteriography. All the patients did not accepted the proposal for performing of correcting and restoration surgical treatment on the lower extremities vessels. Depending on the treatment prescribed the patients were divided into two groups. Into the Group I (comparative) 53 (50.5%) patients were included, who obtained a casual conservative treatment, directed to improvement of the lower extremities blood supply, as well as the blood rheological properties, which included venotonic, analgesic, antibacterial preparations and local treatment, depending on the wound process stage. Into the Group II (the main) 52 (49.5%) patients were included, who on the background of typical treatment have obtained sulodexide in a dose 600 LU (lipoproteidlipase units) on 200 ml of physiological solution of sodium chloride up to 15 days long with subsequent therapy in the dose of 1 capsule twice a day (500 LU) during up to 60 days. In the Group I there were 32 (60.4%) men and 21 (39.6%) women, and in the Group II – 30 (57.7%) men and 22 (42.3%) women. Average age of patients in the Group I have constituted (65.8 ± 4.38), and in the Group II – (66.2 ± 5.04) yrs old. The pain intensity in accordance to the ten-point numerical rating scale was checked before the treatment beginning, in 7 and 14 - 15 days, the trophic ulcers square was measured, local temperature of the patient’s body, pН-metry and cytological investigations of the wounds exudate were done in all the patients before the treatment. Besides this, 38 (71.7%) patients of the comparison group and 40 (76.9%) patients of the main group were followed during 90 - 120 days after leaving a stationary.

Results. In the patients, who have obtained sulodexide additionally, reparative processes in the trophic ulcers regions of the lower extremities have become accelerated, the pain syndrome have been lowered rapidly, the water index normalized, the blood supply improved, the ankle-brachial index enhanced, a local temperature raised, cytological picture of the wound exudate improved, what promoted more rapid healing of ulcers and reduction of the stationary stay duration. During the planned visits of the patients in 90 - 120 days a complete healing of trophic ulcers of the lower extremities in 31 (77.5%) patients of the main group and in 24 (63.2%) patients of the comparison group was proved.

Conclusion. Application of sulodexide in the treatment dosage is expedient to include into complex of treatment for trophic ulcers of the mixed origin in the lower extremities.

Author Biographies

V. I. Liakhovskyi, Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy MH of Ukraine, Poltava

Liakhovskyi Vitalii Ivanovych,
MD, DSci (Med), Professor,
Head of Surgical Department number 1,
Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy,
23 Shevchenka Str., 36011, Poltava, Ukraina,
+38 0532 561 240
660726@ukr.net
orcid.org/0000-0003-1551-4891

O. M. Bezkorovaynyy, M. V. Sklifosovskyi Regional Clinical Hospital, Poltava

Bezkorovaynyy Oleksandr Myhailovych,
Head of Angiosurgery Department,
Poltava Regional Clinic Hospital named after M. V. Sklifosovsky
23 Shevchenka Str., 36011, Poltava, Ukraina,
+38 0532 561 898
a505684a@meta.ua
orcid.org/0000-0003-2708-3902

A. V. Sydorenko, Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy MH of Ukraine, Poltava

Sydorenko Arkhyp Volodymyrovych, Ph.D student
Surgical Department number 1,
Ukrainian Medical Stomatological Academy,
23 Shevchenka Str., 36011, Poltava, Ukraina,
+38 0532 561 240
arhypchyk@gmail.com
orcid.org/0000-0003-4152-513X

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Published
2019-07-07
How to Cite
Liakhovskyi, V. I., Bezkorovaynyy, O. M., & Sydorenko, A. V. (2019). Peculiarities of treatment and healing of trophic ulcers of the lower extremities of the mixed genesis. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia, 86(7), 36-41. https://doi.org/10.26779/2522-1396.2019.07.36
Section
General Problems of Surgery