Quality of life in patients, suffering localized reno-cellular cancer after operative treatment
Objective. To rise the efficacy of treatment in patients, suffering localized reno-cellular cancer (LRCC), studying quality of life in patients and determination of optimal procedure of operative treatment.
Materials and methods. Of 511 patients, suffering LRCC (T1-T2 N0M0), in whom quality of life was estimated in accordance to the SF-36 questionnaire, renal resection was performed in 422 (82.6%), nephrectomy - 89 (17.4%). The observation duration median have constituted 28.9 mo (from 3 to 131 mo).
Results. A patient’s cognition of the oncological disease missing have raised the quality of life self-estimation, predominantly in accordance to indices of psychological component of health after nephrectomy and after renal resection. Comparing the quality of life between the patients’ groups, there was obtained a statistically significant advantage of renal resection over nephrectomy in accordance to five indices of quality of life, including: physical functioning - 75 [65; 85] points after nephrectomy and 80 [70; 90] points after renal resection (p < 0.005); general state of health - 65 [57; 72] and 70 [65; 80] (p < 0.001); vital activity - 65 [55; 70] and 70 [60; 75] (p < 0.005); psychological health - 76 [60; 80] and 80 [68; 88] (p < 0.005); the emotionally-role functioning - 66.7 [66.7; 100] and 100 [66,7; 100] (p < 0.05) points, accordingly.
Conclusion. Renal resection has a statistically proven advantage over nephrectomy in accordance to patients’ quality of life, determined, basing on data from the SF-36 questionnaire, predominantly due to better psychological self estimation of the patient’s state of health (p < 0.01). Difference between the investigated groups in accordance to indices of pain intensity, social and physical-role functioning was not established.
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