Prophylaxis of complications in postoperative period in patients, suffering stenosis of carotid arteries

Keywords: Citicoline; surgical treatment; stenosis of carotid arteries.

Abstract

Objective. To analyze the surgical treatment results in patients, suffering carotid arteries stenosis, using endarterectomy in combination with conservative therapy.

Materials and methods. Results of treatment were analyzed in 58 patients, suffering hemodynamically significant stenosis of carotid arteries and/or presence of embologenic pluck, in whom from 2017 to 2019 yrs in V. T. Zaytsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery NAMS of Ukraine, Kharkov intraoperative supportive conservative therapy, taking into account the risk for development of the cerebral ischemia and the reperfusion syndrome, was conducted.

There were 52 (89.7%) men and 6 (10.3%) women. Middle age of the patients operated on have constituted (65 ± 15) yrs.

Results. Basing on the literature data analyzed as well as on investigation of the thrombocytes aggregation in patients in perioperative period the algorithm of supportive conservative therapy was elaborated: injection of 5000 IU heparin 5 min before the internal carotid artery clamping under the ICT control; injection of Citicoline 1000 mg 5 min before the internal carotid artery clamping to the patients with neurological deficiency in accordance to the neurological test data and with application of a temporary by-pass. In all the patients in postoperative period the complications were absent. Control of the carotid arteries passability and the ischemia zone state on the 14th day was conducted, the carotid arteries stenosis was not revealed. Nonsignificant complications, such as the stressed hematoma, demanding postoperative wound revision and hemostasis performance, were observed in 4 patients. In 2 patients postoperative period was complicated by the hypoglossal nerve paresis because of its squeezing by hematoma.

Conclusion. Citicoline injection before the carotid artery clamping in the carotid endarterectomy with a temporary by-pass permits to lower the risk for development of neurological complications, and while development of postoperative reperfusion syndrome –to reduce its signs.

Author Biographies

I. S. Pulyaeva, Zaytsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery, Kharkov

Pulyaeva Inna– MD, PhD, Senior Research
Department of Acute Vascular Diseases Surgery
V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery
61018, Ukraine, Kharkov, entry Balakireva, 1.
057-349-41-50.
pulyaeva.inna@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6824-7232

V. A. Prasol, Zaytsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery, Kharkov

Prasol Vitaliy– MD, DSci(Med),
Head Department of acute diseases of vessels
V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery
61018, Ukraine, Kharkov, entry Balakireva, 1.
057-349-41-87
dr.prasol@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0556-6981

Yu. V. Ivanova, Zaytsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery, Kharkov

Ivanova Yuliya - MD, DSci(Med), Senior Research
Department of surgical infections
V. T. Zaitsev Institute of General and Urgent Surgery
61018, Ukraine, Kharkov, entry Balakireva, 1.
057-710-89-66,
dr.ivanova23@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5525-701Х

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Published
2020-05-26
How to Cite
Pulyaeva, I. S., Prasol, V. A., & Ivanova, Y. V. (2020). Prophylaxis of complications in postoperative period in patients, suffering stenosis of carotid arteries . Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia, 87(1-2), 11-14. https://doi.org/10.26779/2522-1396.2020.1-2.11
Section
General Problems of Surgery