Experience of application of interventional sonography in treatment of patients with bacterial hepatic abscesses
Objective. To analyze the possibilities and efficacy of application of the intervention sonography in complex surgical treatment of patients with bacterial hepatic abscesses.
Materials and methods. Results of treatment of 39 patients with hepatic abscesses in Department of Surgery № 3 through period from 2012 till June 2019 yr was presented. The patients were treated, using the puncture aspiration or drainage of abscesses under sonographic guidance. In hepatic abscesses with diameter up to 40 mm a puncture sanation was applied. In all the patients transcutaneous drainage was performed, not depending from the abscesses dimensions and localization.
Results. Treatment and application of the intervention sonography was effective in 37 (94.9%) patients. Postoperative complications have occurred in 4 (10.3%) patients: hemorrhage inside the abscess cavity (in 2), durable bile leakage via the drain (in 1), migration of the drain from the abscess cavity (in 1). Average stationary stay of the patients was (19,2 ± 1,6) bed-days.
Conclusion. Application of the puncture-draining procedures under sonographic control in treatment of patients, suffering hepatic abscesses constitutes a method of choice, what is caused by their small traumaticity, availability of dynamical control and efficacy in 94.9% patients. But these procedures owe some limitations, connected by the abscesses quantity, their localization, as well as complex configuration and big possibility of presence of large sequesters of necrotized hepatic parenchyma.
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