Surgical treatment of wounded persons with complicated thoracic damages

Keywords: thoraco-abdominal woundings; pleural empyema; bronchial fistula; defects of soft tissues; vacuum therapy; endoscopic bronchoblockade.

Abstract

Objective. To improve the results of complex surgical treatment of wounded and injured persons with thoracic trauma, complicated by bronchopleural fistulas, pleural empyema and defects in the thoracic wall soft tissues, basing on introduction of the proposed procedure of vacuum therapy in combination with bronchoscopic obturation of certain bronchus.

Materials and methods. Analysis of results of the complex surgical help delivery for 54 wounded persons with defects of the thoracic wall soft tissues, broncho-pleural fistulas and pleural empyema, caused by the combat thoracic trauma, on ІІІ and ІV levels of medical support while conduction of the Antiterrorist operation/Operation of the Joined Forces (the main group) and 73 injured persons with thoracic trauma of the peace period (the comparison group) in the 2014 - 2019 yrs period was conducted.

Results. Improvement of complex surgical treatment of the wounded and damaged persons with thoracic trauma and defects of the thoracic wall soft tissues have permitted to reduce the complications frequency by 6.7%, and lethality - by 9.2% in the main group.

Conclusion. There was proposed a procedure of vacuum therapy, ultrasound cavitation together with bronchoscopic bronchial obturation for its fistula, which have proved its efficacy in complex surgical treatment of severely wounded persons with the gun-shot thoracic damages and presence of combination of pleural empyema, bronchial fistula and defects of soft tissues.

Author Biographies

Ya. L. Zarutskyi, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Zarutskyi Yaroslav, MD, DSci, Professor,
Chief of the department of military surgery,
Ukrainian military medical academy,
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
zarutsky@ukr.net;
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0339-3607

S. A. Aslanyan, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Aslanyan Sergey, MD, PhD, Associate Professor,
Associate Professor of the Department of Military Surgery,
Ukrainian military medical academy,
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43
sergeyaslanyan@ukr.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4122-775X

O. V. Borzykh, National Military-Medical Clinical Centre «The Main Military Clinical Hospital», Kyiv

Borzykh Oleksandr, MD, DSci, Professor,
National Military Medical Clinical Center "GVCG",
18 Gospitalna St., Kyiv 01133, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8321-7018

V. G. Hetman, Shupik National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education, Kyiv

Getman Vadym Gryhorovych, MD, DSci(Med), Professor,
Head of the Department Thoracic Surgery and Pulmonology
Shupyk National Medical Academy of Postgraduate Education
9 Dorohozhytska str., Kyiv, 04122, Ukraine
+38 (044) 528-82-88
clinic177@yahoo.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8768-5385

V. E. Saphonov, National Military-Medical Clinical Centre «The Main Military Clinical Hospital», Kyiv

Saphonov Vadym, MD, PhD,
Chief of the Clinic of Thoracic Surgery,
National Military Medical Clinical Center "GVCG ",
18 Gospitalna St., Kyiv 01133, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 521-84-11; sve080570@gmail.com;
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5917-7076

K. V. Kravchenko, National Military-Medical Clinical Centre «The Main Military Clinical Hospital», Kyiv

Kravchenko Kyrylo, MD, PhD, Senior Ordinator,
Clinic of Thoracic Surgery,
National Military Medical Clinical Center "GVCG",
18 Gospitalna St., Kyiv 01133, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 521-84-11; kkv.kiev@gmail.com ;
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2972-5606X

A. E. Tkachenko, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Tkachenko Аndrii, MS, PhD, Senior lecturer
Department of Military Surgery,
Ukrainian Military Medical Academy, Kyiv.
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
andrtkach@bigmir.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3371-497X

M. S. Vovk, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Vovk Mykhailo, MD, Adjunct
Department of Military Surgery,
Ukrainian military medical academy,
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
maikl77red@gmail.com;
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7739-670X

V. S. Honcharuk, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Honcharuk Viktor, MD, Lecturer
Department of Military Surgery,
Ukrainian military medical academy,
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
goncharukviktor87@gmail.com;
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9803-7781

O. A. Lavrenchuk, Ukrainian Military-Medical Academy MD of Ukraine, Kyiv

Lavrenchuk Oleksiy, MD,
Ukranian military medical academy,
45/1 Moscow St., Kyiv 01015, Ukraine;
+38 (044) 280-00-34, (044) 280-01-43;
lavren4k@gmail.com;
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6680-9724

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Published
2020-12-28
How to Cite
Zarutskyi, Y. L., Aslanyan, S. A., Borzykh, O. V., Hetman, V. G., Saphonov, V. E., Kravchenko, K. V., Tkachenko, A. E., Vovk, M. S., Honcharuk, V. S., & Lavrenchuk, O. A. (2020). Surgical treatment of wounded persons with complicated thoracic damages. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia, 87(11-12), 3-9. https://doi.org/10.26779/2522-1396.2020.11-12.03
Section
General Problems of Surgery