Quality of life of treated patients with Mirizi syndrome
Objective. To compare the quality of life of patients with spontaneous internal biliary fistula (SIBF) and without them, before and after surgery.
Materials and methods. 82 (38.7%) patients were diagnosed with Mirizzi syndrome (MS) type I, and 130 (61.3%) patients with type II (II-V) type MS. During the study, the classification of A. Csendes - M. Beltran was used. By sex, patients were distributed as follows: there were 68 men (32.0%), women - 144 (68.0%). The age of patients ranged from 37 to 80 years (average - 66.4 years). The GSRS (Gastrointestinal Symptom Rating Scale) questionnaire was used to assess quality of life. When comparing groups, the use of Student's T test comparative mean values and quadratic deviations. The reliability of the obtained p values were checked by the method of Bonferoni and False Discovery Rate (FDR).
Results. Multiple comparisons with Bonferon and FDR correction revealed statistically significant differences in the results between QOL of patients with MS I and II both before and after surgery. When compared on the scale of total measurement, it was found that the quality of life of patients without SIBF improved by 11% after cholecystectomy in MS I type. When comparing the results of QOL assessment before and after surgery in patients with type II MS, it was found that QOL after surgery in patients improved by 10% from baseline.
Conclusions. The quality of life of patients with MS I type is higher compared to patients with SIBF both before and after surgery (p=0.0001), which is due to impaired bile duct and gastrointestinal tract in SIBF. Elimination of SIBF improves the level of QOL of patients by 10%, which is characterized by a decrease in all items of the GSRS scale.
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