Peritonitis rate depending on its causes and spread

Keywords: peritonitis; abdominal sepsis; endogenous intoxication; polyorgan insufficiency.

Abstract

Objective. Studying of rate and structure of peritonitis of various genesis.

Materials and methods. During 2020 yr in the Department of Surgery of Brovary Multidisciplinary Clinical Hospital 265/1316 (20.1%) patients, including 124 (47,8%) women and 141 (53,2%) men, suffering peritonitis, were operated.

Results. Appendicitis have constituted a most frequent cause of local and diffuse peritonitis – in 71.5 and 92.3% patients, accordingly. Spread peritonitis in 55.2% patients was caused by perforative gastric or duodenal ulcer. Total peritonitis was present in 35.7% of cases and caused by abdominal trauma mainly. Treatment of spread forms of peritonitis (prevalent, diffuse and a total one) was conducted in 121 (45.7%) patients, suffering this disease.

Conclusion. It is mandatory to take into account the peritonitis spread, cause, stage and character of exudate while planning preoperative preparation, surgery and the postoperative treatment volume in patients with this disease.

Author Biographies

O. O. Bilyayeva, Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kyiv

Bilyayeva Olga, MD, DSci(Med), Full Professor
Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kiev,
Department of General and Emergency Surgery
3 L.Guzara ave., 03680, Kyiv. Ukraine
(044) 497-03-72; 063-243-88-27; 050-702-15-12
pr.bilyayeva@gmail.com
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2862-0423

І. V. Karol, Brovary Multidisciplinary Clinical Hospital

Karol Ivan, MD, PhD(Med)
Department of General and Emergency Surgery
Shupyk National Healthcare University of Ukraine, Kiev,
3 L.Guzara ave., 03680, Kyiv. Ukraine
Multidisciplinary Clinical Hospital, Brovary, Kiev region, Ukraine
(044) 497-03-72; 096-652-68-93
14 Shevchenka str., 14, 07400 Brovary, Kiev region, Ukraine
(04594) 4-41-55; 096-652-68-93
drkarol@ukr.net
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3684-0127

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Published
2021-07-28
How to Cite
Bilyayeva, O. O., & KarolІ. V. (2021). Peritonitis rate depending on its causes and spread. Klinicheskaia Khirurgiia, 88(3-4), 54-57. https://doi.org/10.26779/2522-1396.2021.3-4.54
Section
General Problems of Surgery