Possibilities of the indocyanine green dye application for evaluation of peculiarities of lymph outflow and metastasizing of colorectal cancer
Objective. Studying of velocity of prevalence of luminescent dye indocyanine green along lymphatic vessels in the large bowel surgery.
Materials and methods. Estimation of procedure for coloring of tumoral substrate and lymphatic vessels while performance of oncological operations was conducted. We performed laparoscopic resection of sigmoid colon in 7 patients, suffering tumors, and anterior rectal resection in 5 patients, having tumors of upper ampullary part of rectum, using indocyanine green dye.
Results. In Group I, consisting of 7 patients, surgical technique of no touch manipulations on the tumor before transection of feeding vessels (NTIT–operations) was applied, and in Group II, consisting of 5 patients, the tumor mobilization was done primarily. Application of indocyanine green dye helped a lot to establish localization and prevalence of the process in rectum.
Conclusion. Application of fluorescent dye indocyanine green on tumoral substrate before doing ligation of feeding vessels raises possibility of the complication occurrence, consisting of the cancer cells dissemination in abdominal cavity. While performing laparoscopic procedures in resection of the large bowel tumors it is expedient to ligate the feeding vessels primarily, with secondary manipulation– to dissect and mobilize the tumoral substrate.
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